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The Chinese economy in post-Mao : an analysis of comparative economic systems and economic development

Huarng, Rueih-Chir. author ;McKeon, Joseph G. thesis advisor

1996

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  • Title:
    The Chinese economy in post-Mao : an analysis of comparative economic systems and economic development
  • Author/Creator: Huarng, Rueih-Chir. author
  • McKeon, Joseph G. thesis advisor; Central Connecticut State University. Department of Philosophy.
  • Creation Date: 1996
  • Language: English
  • Physical Description: iii, 66 leaves ; 29 cm.; paper 29 cm. ink typescript.
  • Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references (leaves 54-66).
  • Subjects: Mixed economy -- China; China -- Economic conditions -- 1976-2000; China -- Economic policy -- 1976-2000
  • Description: There are four major changes in the Chinese economy after 1992. They are (1) the Chinese firmly emphasize the line of reform and liberalization, and economic development in the 1990's; (2) the West has been positive in its appraisal of Chinese economic reform; (3) the Chinese economy shows two-digit growth after 1992; and (4) there is a tremendous increase in foreign investment. Along her own road, China is trying to build a socialist paradise whose spirit is no less than that of the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution. Why can China develop like this? What is the most important consideration in the direction of economic development for the Chinese government? The lessons of history and characteristics of the Chinese leaders play major roles. Although these four major changes after 1992 impresses the world, there are many crucial problems in China which are going to undermine the achievement of China's economic development. To understand the background and the internal factors of the Chinese economic reform, the researcher had to analyze the origin of Chinese economic system and the ideological factors of economic adjustment and reform, and to discuss the impact of China's unique political and economic culture. Chapter II of this thesis helps the readers to identify economic systems and to understand factors which create the different economic systems. Unlike the former Soviet Union and East European socialist countries, China is trying to combine capitalistic techniques to achieve a socialistic stage in terms of the Marxism development theory and create the unique type of the centrally planned economy. In Chapter III, when central planning mixes with market, incompatibility happens in agriculture, industry, and macro- and micro-economy. This chapter tries to clarify the transformation and reform of the Chinese economic system. In Chapter IV, after the analysis of economic systems, ideology is another important issue which changes the major doctrines leading the Chinese reform and future. This chapter tries to answer whether the roots of Marxism-Socialist economy can be taken away and the combination of socialism and capitalistic structures is feasible. When the Chinese economy has transformed into a kind of socialism market economy, the ideological and theoretical breakthrough gives a broader room for Chinese economy to develop. However, the so-called "Socialism with Chinese Characteristics" is just a political doctrine. In Chapter V, the decision making plays a major role. Centralization and decentralization of the decision making through every level of the governments, even enterprises, created an unstable and changeable economy from the 50's to the 80's. Especially, when the local governments held the control of resources, the worst type (type 5) rooted in China and created many problems causing the market's constraints and non-economic factors. Chapter VI evaluates the growth and performance of China's economic development and analyzes 19 indexes of social and economic changes and conditions which point out pros and cons of the results of China's economic reform. Concluding these discussions and analyses, this thesis analyzes the transformation of economic systems and perspectives of economic development and points out the weaknesses of China's economy to better understand the Chinese economy. The lessons of the Chinese history and the Chinese leaderships dominated the Chinese political and economic development. When the third generation in China gets to know these factors, they are able to realize how to deal with the problems of politics and economy better.
  • Notes: Includes bibliographical references (leaves 54-66).
  • Degree Granted: M.S. Central Connecticut State University 1996
  • OCLC Number: 36314311