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Characterization of the role of full-length CRMP3 and its calpain-cleaved product in inhibiting microtubule polymerization and neurite outgrowth

Aylsworth, Amy ; Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Immunology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario ; Jiang, Susan X ; Desbois, Angele ; Hou, Sheng T

Experimental Cell Research, 01 October 2009, Vol.315(16) [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Characterization of the role of full-length CRMP3 and its calpain-cleaved product in inhibiting microtubule polymerization and neurite outgrowth
  • Author/Creator: Aylsworth, Amy ; Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Immunology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario ; Jiang, Susan X ; Desbois, Angele ; Hou, Sheng T
  • Language: English
  • Subjects: 60 Applied LIFE Sciences ; Calcium ; Death ; Mass Spectroscopy ; Microtubules ; Nerve Cells ; Polymerization ; Proteins ; Translocation ; Biology
  • Is Part Of: Experimental Cell Research, 01 October 2009, Vol.315(16)
  • Description: Collapsin response mediator proteins (CRMPs) are key modulators of cytoskeletons during neurite outgrowth in response to chemorepulsive guidance molecules. However, their roles in adult injured neurons are not well understood. We previously demonstrated that CRMP3 underwent calcium-dependent N-terminal protein cleavage during excitotoxicity-induced neurite retraction and neuronal death. Here, we report findings that the full-length CRMP3 inhibits tubulin polymerization and neurite outgrowth in cultured mature cerebellar granule neurons, while the N-terminal truncated CRMP3 underwent nuclear translocation and caused a significant nuclear condensation. The N-terminal truncated CRMP3 underwent nuclear translocation through nuclear pores. Nuclear protein pull-down assay and mass spectrometry analysis showed that the N-terminal truncated CRMP3 was associated with nuclear vimentin. In fact, nuclear-localized CRMP3 co-localized with vimentin during glutamate-induced excitotoxicity. However, the association between the truncated CRMP3 and vimentin was not critical for nuclear condensation and neurite outgrowth since over-expression of truncated CRMP3 in vimentin null neurons did not alleviate nuclear condensation and neurite outgrowth inhibition. Together, these studies showed CRMP3's role in attenuating neurite outgrowth possibility through inhibiting microtubule polymerization, and also revealed its novel association with vimentin during nuclear condensation prior to neuronal death.
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0014-4827 ; E-ISSN: 1090-2422 ; DOI: 10.1016/J.YEXCR.2009.06.014