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Working Off the Clock and Its Impact

Faraz, Muhammad ; Shamsi, Aamir Firoz ; Bashir, Rizwana

Journal of Business Ethics, 1 July 2014, Vol.122(3), pp.395-403 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Working Off the Clock and Its Impact
  • Author/Creator: Faraz, Muhammad ; Shamsi, Aamir Firoz ; Bashir, Rizwana
  • Language: English
  • Subjects: Economics -- Economic disciplines -- Labor economics ; Business -- Business operations -- Commerce ; Business -- Accountancy -- Bookkeeping ; Business -- Industry -- Industrial sectors ; Arts -- Applied arts -- Architecture ; Physical sciences -- Metrology -- Chronometry ; Business -- Business administration -- Human resources ; Business -- Accountancy -- Auditing ; Arts -- Applied arts -- Architecture ; Economics -- Economic disciplines -- Labor economics
  • Is Part Of: Journal of Business Ethics, 1 July 2014, Vol.122(3), pp.395-403
  • Description: Textile is one of the largest export and source of foreign exchange in Pakistan. For the last two decades, Textile sector is serving as the backbone for Pakistan economy. Several foreign retailers including Target, Jessie Penny, Wal-Mart, and Kohl's are outsourcing textile and garments from Pakistan. Along with the quality, these retailers are highly concerned with the ethical and social issues of their suppliers, including child labor, forced labor, compensation, working hours and environment health, and safety. My current study is an applied research, based on the problem, regarding the working hours and its proper management in textile factories, mismanagement of which lead to serious issues during social and ethical standard audits. Repetition of which may consequent in termination of business with suppliers and factories. The research hypothesis is that working off the clock will lead to overtime premium not paid and double book record keeping. As far as ethical and social compliance (SC) is concerned both overtime premiums not paid and double book records are critical issues during SC audit. A sample of 40 suppliers (factories SC audit reports) of Pakistan was randomly selected working with foreign buyers. Secondary data were used to verify the findings based on Audits finding conducted by different third party during a period of 2 years, i.e. Feb., 2010 to Jan., 2012. The results and research findings reflect that during the last 2 years (Nov., 2010 to Oct., 2012) out of 40 factories audit reports 25 factories (62.5 %) were found having working off the clock that also lead to overtime premium not paid. However, double book records were not witnessed in all 40 factories SC audit reports as parallel (falsified) records were not maintained by any factories. The above findings will help the suppliers, factories, and buyers to develop a proactive approach (on buyers end) and proper production planning (on suppliers and factories end) to avoid critical issues and smooth business activities.
  • Identifier: ISSN: 01674544 ; E-ISSN: 15730697