skip to main content
Resource type Show Results with: Show Results with: Index

A Novel In Vitro Model to Study Pericytes in the Neurovascular Unit of the Developing Cortex (Pericytes in the Developing Cortex In Vitro)

Zehendner, Christoph M ; Wedler, Hannah E ; Luhmann, Heiko J ;Plow, Edward f (Editor)

2013, Vol.8(11), p.e81637 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

Full text available online

  • Title:
    A Novel In Vitro Model to Study Pericytes in the Neurovascular Unit of the Developing Cortex (Pericytes in the Developing Cortex In Vitro)
  • Author/Creator: Zehendner, Christoph M ; Wedler, Hannah E ; Luhmann, Heiko J
  • Plow, Edward f (Editor)
  • Language: English
  • Subjects: Research Article
  • Is Part Of: 2013, Vol.8(11), p.e81637
  • Description: Cortical function is impaired in various disorders of the central nervous system including Alzheimer’s disease, autism and schizophrenia. Some of these disorders are speculated to be associated with insults in early brain development. Pericytes have been shown to regulate neurovascular integrity in development, health and disease. Hence, precisely controlled mechanisms must have evolved in evolution to operate pericyte proliferation, repair and cell fate within the neurovascular unit (NVU). It is well established that pericyte deficiency leads to NVU injury resulting in cognitive decline and neuroinflammation in cortical layers. However, little is known about the role of pericytes in pathophysiological processes of the developing cortex. Here we introduce an in vitro model that enables to precisely study pericytes in the immature cortex and show that moderate inflammation and hypoxia result in caspase-3 mediated pericyte loss. Using heterozygous EYFP-NG2 mouse mutants we performed live imaging of pericytes for several days in vitro. In addition we show that pericytes maintain their capacity to proliferate which may allow cell-based therapies like reprogramming of pericytes into induced neuronal cells in the presented approach.
  • Identifier: E-ISSN: 1932-6203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0081637