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The Relationship Between Clients’ Conformity to Masculine Norms and Their Perceptions of Helpful Therapist Actions

Owen, Jesse ; Wong, Y. Joel ; Rodolfa, Emil

Journal of Counseling Psychology, 2010, Vol.57(1), pp.68-78 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    The Relationship Between Clients’ Conformity to Masculine Norms and Their Perceptions of Helpful Therapist Actions
  • Author/Creator: Owen, Jesse ; Wong, Y. Joel ; Rodolfa, Emil
  • Language: English
  • Subjects: Masculinity ; Common Factors ; Therapy Outcomes ; Gender ; Therapy Process
  • Is Part Of: Journal of Counseling Psychology, 2010, Vol.57(1), pp.68-78
  • Description: T. J. G. Tracey et al.’s (2003) common factors model derived from therapists and psychotherapy researchers has provided a parsimonious structure to inform research and practice. Accordingly, the current authors used the 14 common factor categories identified in Tracey et al.’s model as a guide to code clients’ perceptions of helpful therapist actions (e.g., intervention, way of being) in short-term psychotherapy. Next, they conducted a cluster analysis to establish meaningful subgroups of clients based on clients’ perceptions of helpful therapist actions. Finally, they explored if clients in these subgroups differed in their report of conformity to masculine norms. Clients ( N = 161) from a university counseling center were recruited for the current study. Results revealed 3 clusters of clients based on their perceptions of helpful therapist actions: Insight (44%), Relationship (30%), and Information (26%). In contrast, Tracey et al. found 3 clusters: Bond (which includes Insight and Relationship), Information, and Structure of therapy (not found in the current study). Clients in the Insight and Relationship clusters reported more conformity to masculine norms as compared with clients in the Information cluster. There were no sex differences across clusters.
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0022-0167 ; E-ISSN: 1939-2168 ; DOI: 10.1037/a0017870