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Acute and Chronic Effects of Particles on Hospital Admissions in New England

Coull, Brent Andrew ; Zanobetti, Antonella ; Koutrakis, Petros ; Schwartz, Joel David

Kloog, Itai, Brent A. Coull, Antonella Zanobetti, Petros Koutrakis, and Joel D. Schwartz. 2012. Acute and chronic effects of particles on hospital admissions in New England. PLoS ONE 7(4): e34664. [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Acute and Chronic Effects of Particles on Hospital Admissions in New England
  • Author/Creator: Coull, Brent Andrew ; Zanobetti, Antonella ; Koutrakis, Petros ; Schwartz, Joel David
  • Language: English
  • Subjects: Biology ; Computational Biology ; Biological Data Management ; Population Biology ; Epidemiology ; Environmental Epidemiology ; Earth Sciences ; Environmental Sciences ; Environmental Engineering ; Pollution ; Medicine ; Clinical Epidemiology ; Disease Informatics ; Non-Clinical Medicine ; Environmental Health ; Health Informatics ; Public Health
  • Is Part Of: Kloog, Itai, Brent A. Coull, Antonella Zanobetti, Petros Koutrakis, and Joel D. Schwartz. 2012. Acute and chronic effects of particles on hospital admissions in New England. PLoS ONE 7(4): e34664.
  • Description: Background: Many studies have reported significant associations between exposure to \(PM_{2.5}\) and hospital admissions, but all have focused on the effects of short-term exposure. In addition all these studies have relied on a limited number of \(PM_{2.5}\) monitors in their study regions, which introduces exposure error, and excludes rural and suburban populations from locations in which monitors are not available, reducing generalizability and potentially creating selection bias. Methods Using our novel prediction models for exposure combining land use regression with physical measurements (satellite aerosol optical depth) we investigated both the long and short term effects of \(PM_{2.5}\) exposures on hospital admissions across New-England for all residents aged 65 and older. We performed separate Poisson regression analysis for each admission type: all respiratory, cardiovascular disease (CVD), stroke and diabetes. Daily admission counts in each zip code were regressed against long and short-term \(PM_{2.5}\) exposure, temperature, socio-economic data and a spline of time to control for seasonal trends in baseline risk. Results: We observed associations between both short-term and long-term exposure to \(PM_{2.5}\) and hospitalization for all of the outcomes examined. In example, for respiratory diseases, for every10-µg/m\(^3\) increase in short-term \(PM_{2.5}\) exposure there is a 0.70 percent increase in admissions (CI = 0.35 to 0.52) while concurrently for every10-µg/m\(^3\) increase in long-term \(PM_{2.5}\) exposure there is a 4.22 percent increase in admissions (CI = 1.06 to 4.75). Conclusions: As with mortality studies, chronic exposure to particles is associated with substantially larger increases in hospital admissions than acute exposure and both can be detected simultaneously using our exposure models.
  • Identifier: ISSN: 1932-6203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0034664