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Genetic polymorphisms of the GNRH1 and GNRHR genes and risk of breast cancer in the National Cancer Institute Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium (BPC3)

Canzian, Federico ;Kaaks, Rudolf ;Cox, David G. ;Henderson, Katherine D. ;Henderson, Brian E. ;Berg, Christine ;Bingham, Sheila ;Boeing, Heiner ;Buring, Julie ;Calle, Eugenia E. ;Chanock, Stephen J. ;Clavel-Chapelon, Françoise ;Dossus, Laure ;Spencer Feigelson, Heather ;Haiman, Christopher A. ;Hankinson, Susan E. ;Hoover, Robert ;Hunter, David J. ;Isaacs, Claudine ;Lenner, Per ;Lund, Eiliv ;Overvad, Kim ;Palli, Domenico ;Pearce, Celeste Leigh ;Quiros, Jose R. ;Riboli, Elio ;Stram, Daniel O. ;Thomas, GIlles ;Thun, Michael J. ;Trichopoulos, Dimitrios ;van Gils, Carla H. ;Ziegler, Regina G.

2011

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  • Title:
    Genetic polymorphisms of the GNRH1 and GNRHR genes and risk of breast cancer in the National Cancer Institute Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium (BPC3)
  • Author/Creator: Canzian, Federico;
    Kaaks, Rudolf;
    Cox, David G.;
    Henderson, Katherine D.;
    Henderson, Brian E.;
    Berg, Christine;
    Bingham, Sheila;
    Boeing, Heiner;
    Buring, Julie;
    Calle, Eugenia E.;
    Chanock, Stephen J.;
    Clavel-Chapelon, Françoise;
    Dossus, Laure;
    Spencer Feigelson, Heather;
    Haiman, Christopher A.;
    Hankinson, Susan E.;
    Hoover, Robert;
    Hunter, David J.;
    Isaacs, Claudine;
    Lenner, Per;
    Lund, Eiliv;
    Overvad, Kim;
    Palli, Domenico;
    Pearce, Celeste Leigh;
    Quiros, Jose R.;
    Riboli, Elio;
    Stram, Daniel O.;
    Thomas, GIlles;
    Thun, Michael J.;
    Trichopoulos, Dimitrios;
    van Gils, Carla H.;
    Ziegler, Regina G.
  • Creation Date: 2011
  • Language: English
  • Description: RIGHTS : This article is licensed under the BioMed Central licence at http://www.biomedcentral.com/about/license which is similar to the 'Creative Commons Attribution Licence'. In brief you may : copy, distribute, and display the work; make derivative works; or make commercial use of the work - under the following conditions: the original author must be given credit; for any reuse or distribution, it must be made clear to others what the license terms of this work are.
    Background Gonadotropin releasing hormone (GNRH1) triggers the release of follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone from the pituitary. Genetic variants in the gene encoding GNRH1 or its receptor may influence breast cancer risk by modulating production of ovarian steroid hormones. We studied the association between breast cancer risk and polymorphisms in genes that code for GNRH1 and its receptor (GNRHR) in the large National Cancer Institute Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium (NCI-BPC3). Methods We sequenced exons of GNRH1 and GNRHR in 95 invasive breast cancer cases. Resulting single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped and used to identify haplotype-tagging SNPs (htSNPS) in a panel of 349 healthy women. The htSNPs were genotyped in 5,603 invasive breast cancer cases and 7,480 controls from the Cancer Prevention Study-II (CPS-II), European Prospective Investigation on Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC), Multiethnic Cohort (MEC), Nurses' Health Study (NHS), and Women's Health Study (WHS). Circulating levels of sex steroids (androstenedione, estradiol, estrone and testosterone) were also measured in 4713 study subjects. Results Breast cancer risk was not associated with any polymorphism or haplotype in the GNRH1 and GNRHR genes, nor were there any statistically significant interactions with known breast cancer risk factors. Polymorphisms in these two genes were not strongly associated with circulating hormone levels. Conclusion Common variants of the GNRH1 and GNRHR genes are not associated with risk of invasive breast cancer in Caucasians.
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