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Posttraumatic Stress

Jaycox, Lisa H. ; Foa, Edna B.

The Disorders, pp.337-346


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  • Title:
    Posttraumatic Stress
  • Author/Creator: Jaycox, Lisa H. ; Foa, Edna B.
  • Creation Date: 2001
  • Language: English
  • Is Part Of: The Disorders, pp.337-346
  • Description: This chapter discusses the stress symptoms that commonly follow trauma and describes posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its prevalence in detail. Posttraumatic stress is a set of psychological and physical symptoms that follow a traumatic experience. In some cases, these symptoms persist beyond the immediate aftermath of the trauma and develop into PTSD, an anxiety disorder that includes symptoms of arousal, avoidance, and reexperiencing lasts for more than 1 month and causes significant impairment in social or occupational functioning. Psychologists and physicians have long been interested in vulnerability and resilience factors in reaction to extreme stress. Earlier accounts of posttrauma reactions focused on descriptions of cases. The most common traumas studied are combat, sexual assault, sexual abuse in childhood, criminal victimization, torture, accidents, and natural disasters. Larger-scale traumas such as mass migration, refugee camp experiences, and holocausts have not yet been thoroughly researched. Clearly, such mass traumas would be expected to have considerable impact on those individuals directly affected as well as on their children, communities, and cultures.
  • Identifier: ISBN: 978-0-12-267805-9 ; DOI: 10.1016/B978-012267805-9/50030-4