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Meta-analysis and psychophysiology: A tutorial using depression and action-monitoring event-related potentials

Moran, Tim P ; Schroder, Hans S ; Kneip, Chelsea ; Moser, Jason S

International Journal of Psychophysiology, January 2017, Vol.111, pp.17-32 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Meta-analysis and psychophysiology: A tutorial using depression and action-monitoring event-related potentials
  • Author/Creator: Moran, Tim P ; Schroder, Hans S ; Kneip, Chelsea ; Moser, Jason S
  • Language: English
  • Subjects: Meta-Analysis ; Psychophysiology ; Depression ; Error-Related Negativity ; Feedback Negativity ; Anatomy & Physiology ; Psychology
  • Is Part Of: International Journal of Psychophysiology, January 2017, Vol.111, pp.17-32
  • Description: Meta-analyses are regularly used to quantitatively integrate the findings of a field, assess the consistency of an effect and make decisions based on extant research. The current article presents an overview and step-by-step tutorial of meta-analysis aimed at psychophysiological researchers. We also describe best-practices and steps that researchers can take to facilitate future meta-analysis in their sub-discipline. Lastly, we illustrate each of the steps by presenting a novel meta-analysis on the relationship between depression and action-monitoring event-related potentials – the error-related negativity (ERN) and the feedback negativity (FN). This meta-analysis found that the literature on depression and the ERN is contaminated by publication bias. With respect to the FN, the meta-analysis found that depression does predict the magnitude of the FN; however, this effect was dependent on the type of task used by the study.
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0167-8760 ; E-ISSN: 1872-7697 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2016.07.001