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The Role of the Media in Body Image Concerns among Women: A Meta-Analysis of Experimental and Correlational Studies

Grabe, Shelly ; Ward, L. Monique ; Hyde, Janet Shibley

Psychological Bulletin, 2008, Vol.134(3), p.460-476 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    The Role of the Media in Body Image Concerns among Women: A Meta-Analysis of Experimental and Correlational Studies
  • Author/Creator: Grabe, Shelly ; Ward, L. Monique ; Hyde, Janet Shibley
  • Language: English
  • Subjects: Females; Self Concept; Effect Size; Mass Media Effects; Body Composition; Meta Analysis; Correlation; Eating Habits; Periodicals; Television; College Students; High School Students; Adolescents
  • Is Part Of: Psychological Bulletin, 2008, Vol.134(3), p.460-476
  • Description: Research suggests that exposure to mass media depicting the thin-ideal body may be linked to body image disturbance in women. This meta-analysis examined experimental and correlational studies testing the links between media exposure to women's body dissatisfaction, internalization of the thin ideal, and eating behaviors and beliefs with a sample of 77 studies that yielded 141 effect sizes. The mean effect sizes were small to moderate (ds = -0.28, -0.39, and -0.30, respectively). Effects for some outcome variables were moderated by publication year and study design. The findings support the notion that exposure to media images depicting the thin-ideal body is related to body image concerns for women. (Contains 2 footnotes and 5 tables.)
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0033-2909 ; DOI: 10.1037/0033-2909.134.3.460