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Interactions between 5-Lipoxygenase Polymorphisms and Adipose Tissue Contents of Arachidonic and Eicosapentaenoic Acids Do Not Affect Risk of Myocardial Infarction in Middle-Aged Men and Women in a Danish Case-Cohort Study

Gammelmark, Anders ; Lundbye - Christensen, Søren ; Tjønneland, Anne ; Schmidt, Erik B ; Overvad, Kim ; Nielsen, Michael S

The Journal of Nutrition, 2017, Vol. 147(7), pp.1340-1347 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Interactions between 5-Lipoxygenase Polymorphisms and Adipose Tissue Contents of Arachidonic and Eicosapentaenoic Acids Do Not Affect Risk of Myocardial Infarction in Middle-Aged Men and Women in a Danish Case-Cohort Study
  • Author/Creator: Gammelmark, Anders ; Lundbye - Christensen, Søren ; Tjønneland, Anne ; Schmidt, Erik B ; Overvad, Kim ; Nielsen, Michael S
  • Subjects: 5 - Lipoxygense ; Cohort Study ; Fatty Acids ; Interaction ; Myocardial Infarction
  • Is Part Of: The Journal of Nutrition, 2017, Vol. 147(7), pp.1340-1347
  • Description: Background: The 5-lipoxygenase pathway has been linked to atherothrombotic disease, and a functional tandem repeat polymorphism in the arachidonate lipoxygenase-5 ( ALOX-5 ) gene has been associated with the risk of myocardial infarction (MI). Interestingly, 2 studies have reported an interaction between dietary intakes of the ALOX-5 substrates, arachidonic acid (AA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and genotype. Objective: We investigated whether the interactions between the ALOX-5 tandem repeat polymorphism (rs59439148) and adipose tissue AA and EPA were associated with incident MI. Methods: In the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health study, we conducted a case-cohort study including 3089 participants with incident MI identified from national registries and a randomly selected subcohort of 3000 participants. Participants were men and women with a median age of 56 y at baseline and no previous history of cancer. Adipose tissue and blood samples were collected at baseline along with comprehensive questionnaires on lifestyle and demographic data. The ALOX-5 tandem repeat polymorphism was genotyped by multititer plate sequencing. Associations were analyzed by using Cox proportional hazards models. Results: We observed a higher risk of MI for homozygous carriers of the variant alleles in the fifth quintile of AA content than for the reference group with the lowest quintile of AA and carrying the wild-type allele (HR: 3.02; 95% CI: 1.41, 6.44). In contrast, homozygotes for the variant alleles tended to have a higher risk of MI when comparing the lowest quintile of EPA content with the reference group with the highest quintile of EPA and carrying the wild-type allele (HR: 2.15; 95% CI: 0.91, 5.09; P = 0.08). Although our results suggested interactions between the polymorphism and adipose tissue AA and EPA, a quantitative evaluation of interaction by calculating the relative excess risk due to interactions was not significant. Conclusions: Adipose tissue EPA and AA and the ALOX-5 tandem repeat polymorphism did not significantly interact to affect the risk of MI. However, the results should be replicated in larger, heterogeneous populations.
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0022-3166 ; E-ISSN: 1541-6100 ; DOI: 10.3945/jn.117.247569