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Urinary Concentrations of 2,4-Dichlorophenol and 2,5-Dichlorophenol in the U.S. Population (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003-2010): Trends and Predictors

Ye, Xiaoyun ; Lee-Yang, Wong ; Zhou, Xiaoliu ; Calafat, Antonia

Environmental Health Perspectives (Online), Apr 2014, Vol.122(4), p.351 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Urinary Concentrations of 2,4-Dichlorophenol and 2,5-Dichlorophenol in the U.S. Population (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003-2010): Trends and Predictors
  • Author/Creator: Ye, Xiaoyun ; Lee-Yang, Wong ; Zhou, Xiaoliu ; Calafat, Antonia
  • Language: English
  • Subjects: United States–Us ; Trends ; Housing ; Age ; Agriculture ; Studies ; Population ; Pesticides ; Urine ; Hispanic Americans ; Ethnicity ; Disease Control ; Family Income ; Socioeconomic Factors ; Households ; High Income ; Environmental Protection Agency–EPA
  • Is Part Of: Environmental Health Perspectives (Online), Apr 2014, Vol.122(4), p.351
  • Description: Background: 2,4-Dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP), 2,5-dichlorophenol (2,5-DCP), and their precursors are widely used in industry and in consumer products. Urinary concentrations of these dichlorophenols (DCPs) have been measured as part of four National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) cycles in order to assess the exposure to these compounds or their precursors among the general U.S. population. Objectives: We identified predictors and evaluated trends in DCP concentrations according to race/ethnicity, age, sex, family income, and housing type. Methods: We used analysis of covariance to examine associations of various demographic parameters and survey cycle with urinary concentrations of DCPs during NHANES 2003-2010. We also conducted weighted logistic regressions to estimate associations of DCP concentrations above the 95th percentile with housing type, race/ethnicity, and income. Results: We detected DCPs in at least 81% of participants. Geometric mean (GM) urinary concentrations...
  • Identifier: E-ISSN: 15529924 ; DOI: 10.1289/ehp.1306816