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Continuity and Discontinuity of Behavioral Inhibition and Exuberance: Psychophysiological and Behavioral Influences across the First Four Years of Life

Fox, Nathan A. ; Henderson, Heather A. ; Rubin, Kenneth H. ; Calkins, Susan D. ; Schmidt, Louis A.

Child Development, January 2001, Vol.72(1), pp.1-21 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Continuity and Discontinuity of Behavioral Inhibition and Exuberance: Psychophysiological and Behavioral Influences across the First Four Years of Life
  • Author/Creator: Fox, Nathan A. ; Henderson, Heather A. ; Rubin, Kenneth H. ; Calkins, Susan D. ; Schmidt, Louis A.
  • Subjects: Social Welfare & Social Work ; Medicine ; Sociology & Social History ; Psychology
  • Is Part Of: Child Development, January 2001, Vol.72(1), pp.1-21
  • Description: Four‐month‐old infants were screened ( = 433) for temperamental patterns thought to predict behavioral inhibition, including motor reactivity and the expression of negative affect. Those selected ( = 153) were assessed at multiple age points across the first 4 years of life for behavioral signs of inhibition as well as psychophysiological markers of frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) asymmetry. Four‐month temperament was modestly predictive of behavioral inhibition over the first 2 years of life and of behavioral reticence at age 4. Those infants who remained continuously inhibited displayed right frontal EEG asymmetry as early as 9 months of age while those who changed from inhibited to noninhibited did not. Change in behavioral inhibition was related to experience of nonparental care. A second group of infants, selected at 4 months of age for patterns of behavior thought to predict temperamental exuberance, displayed a high degree of continuity over time in these behaviors.
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0009-3920 ; E-ISSN: 1467-8624 ; DOI: 10.1111/1467-8624.00262