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Advances in chemistry research. Volume 32

Taylor, James C., editor.

New York : Nova Publishers 2016

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  • Title:
    Advances in chemistry research. Volume 32
  • Author: Taylor, James C., editor.
  • Publisher: New York : Nova Publishers
  • Creation Date: 2016
  • Language: English
  • Physical Description: 1 online resource (209 p.).
  • Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references at the end of each chapters and index.
  • Subjects: Chemistry -- Research
  • Notes: Includes bibliographical references at the end of each chapters and index.
  • Contents: Contents; Preface; Chapter 1; Palm Oil for Food or Biodiesel, a Disjunction in Tropical Countries; Abstract; 1. Oil Palm: Crop, Harvesting and Food Products; 2. Bioenergy from Renewable Resources; 3. First Generation Biodiesel; 4. Biodiesel and Food Security: An Overview; 5. Biodiesel and Food Security in Tropical Countries; 5.1. Colombian Case; 5.2. Mexico Case; 5.3. Peru Case; 5.4. Tanzania Case; Conclusion; References; Chapter 2; Improvement of Palm Oil Production for Food Industry through Biorefinery Concept; Abstract; 1. Biorefinery Concept and Types of Biorefineries
    2. Biorefineries Design2.1. Conceptual Design of Biorefineries; 2.1.1. Hierarchy; 2.1.2. Sequencing; 2.1.3. Integration; 3. Oilseeds Raw Materials; 3. Palm Biorefinery; 3.1. Methodology; Raw Material; Simulation Procedure: Techno-Economic Assessment; Biorefinery Description; 3.2. Results; Final Remarks; References; Chapter 3; Analysis and Comparison of the Residence Time Distributions (RTDs) of a Continuous Stirred-Tank Reactor (CSTR), a Plug Flow Reactor (PFR) and a Tubular Plug Flow Reactor (TPFR); Abstract; Nomenclature; Introduction; Theoretical Background; Materials and Apparatus
    MethodConductivity Calibration; Experimental Procedure; Results; Discussion; Conclusion; References; Chapter 4; Cyclopentadienes and Cyclopentadienyl Complexes with Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substituents; Abstract; 1. Poly(Trifluoromethyl)Cyclopentadienes; 1.1. Trifluoromethylcyclopentadiene; 1.2. Tetramethyl(Trifluoromethyl)Cyclopentadiene; 1.3. Poly(Trifluoromethyl)Cyclopentadienes; 2. Ponytailed Cyclopentadienes; 2.1. Cyclopentadienes with Ponytails Directly on the Ring; 2.2. Ponytails Bonded via Silicon Atom; 2.2.1. Silicon Directly on the Ring
    2.2.2. Spacer between Branching Silicon Atom and the Ring2.3. Ponytailed Alkylcyclopentadienes; 2.4. Polyfluoroalkylferrocenes; 2.5. Miscellaneous; References; Chapter 5; Cyclization Reactions Promoted by Perfluoroalkyl Radical Additions; Abstract; 1. Introduction; 2. Radical Cyclization; 3. Radical Addition-Cyclization; 4. Reaction Involving Radical and Ionic Processes; 5. Reaction Involving Polarity-Mismatvhed Addition; Conclusion; Acknowledgments; References; About the Author; Chapter 6; Revision of the Nature of Gravitation and the Nature of the Chemical Bond
    1Department of Telecommunication Networks Group, TU Berlin, Germany,2R&D, Dr. Zubow Consulting, Germany; Abstract; 1. Introduction; 2. Gravitation; 3. Atoms; 4. Molecules; 4.1. Hydrogens; 4.2. Hydrogen Halides; 4.3. Alkali Metal Halides; 4.4. Chemical Bonds in Organic Compounds; Conclusion; References; Chapter 7; Analysis of the Operation of Fluidized Beds under Gas and Liquid Fluid Flow Conditions; Abstract; Nomenclature; 1. Introduction; 2. Theoretical Background; Dry Fluidization; Wet Fluidisation; Geldart Particle Classification; 3. Equipment and Methods; Equipment and Materials
    Dry Fluidization
  • Identifier: ISBN1-63485-476-4