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Finite element analysis of the influence of loading rate on a model of the full lumbar spine under dynamic loading conditions

Wagnac, Eric ; Arnoux, Pierre-Jean ; Garo, Anais ; Aubin, Carl-Eric ;Cadic, Ifsttar (Editor)

Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, 01 January 2012, Issue 50 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Finite element analysis of the influence of loading rate on a model of the full lumbar spine under dynamic loading conditions
  • Author/Creator: Wagnac, Eric ; Arnoux, Pierre-Jean ; Garo, Anais ; Aubin, Carl-Eric
  • Cadic, Ifsttar (Editor)
  • Language: English
  • Subjects: Life Sciences ; Bioengineering ; Methode DES Elements Finis ; Essai ; Validation Experimentale ; Blessure ; Colonne Vertebrale ; Essai De Choc (Veh) ; Elements Finis (Methode) ; Medicine
  • Is Part Of: Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, 01 January 2012, Issue 50
  • Description: Despite an increase in the number of experimental and numerical studies dedicated to spinal trauma, the influence of the rate of loading or displacement on lumbar spine injuries remains unclear. In the present work, we developed a bio-realistic finite element model (FEM) of the lumbar spine using a comprehensive geometrical representation of spinal components and material laws that include strain rate dependency, bone fracture, and ligament failure. The FEM was validated against published experimental data and used to compare the initiation sites of spinal injuries under low (LD) and high (HD) dynamic compression, flexion, extension, anterior shear, and posterior shear. Simulations resulted in force-displacement and moment-angular rotation curves well within experimental corridors, with the exception of LD flexion where angular stiffness was higher than experimental values. Such a discrepancy is attributed to the initial toe-region of the ligaments not being included in the material law used in the study. Spinal injuries were observed at different initiation sites under LD and HD loading conditions, except under shear loads. These findings suggest that the strain rate dependent behavior of spinal components plays a significant role in load-sharing and failure mechanisms of the spine under different loading conditions. Bone fracture - Dynamic load - Finite element model - Ligament tear - Lumbar spine - Experimental validation
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0140-0118 ; E-ISSN: 1741-0444 ; DOI: 10.1007/s11517-012-0908-6