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Bioceramic Implant Induces Bone Healing of Cranial Defects

Engstrand, Thomas ; Kihlström, Lars ; Lundgren, Kalle ; Trobos, Margarita ; Engqvist, Håkan ; Thomsen, Peter

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open, 2015, Vol.3(8), pp.e491-e491

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  • Title:
    Bioceramic Implant Induces Bone Healing of Cranial Defects
  • Author/Creator: Engstrand, Thomas ; Kihlström, Lars ; Lundgren, Kalle ; Trobos, Margarita ; Engqvist, Håkan ; Thomsen, Peter
  • Subjects: Odontologi ; Dentistry
  • Is Part Of: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open, 2015, Vol.3(8), pp.e491-e491
  • Description: SUMMARY:: Autologous bone or inert alloplastic materials used in cranial reconstructions are techniques that are associated with resorption, infection, and implant exposure. As an alternative, a calcium phosphate–based implant was developed and previously shown to potentially stimulate bone growth. We here uncover evidence of induced bone formation in 2 patients. Histological examination 9 months postoperatively showed multinuclear cells in the central defect zone and bone ingrowth in the bone-implant border zone. An increased expression of bone-associated markers was detected. The other patient was investigated 50 months postoperatively. Histological examination revealed ceramic materials covered by vascularized compact bone. The bone regenerative effect induced by the implant may potentially improve long-term clinical outcome compared with conventional techniques, which needs to be verified in a clinical study.
  • Identifier: ISSN: 2169-7574 ; DOI: 10.1097/GOX.0000000000000467