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Food Composition of the Diet in Relation to Changes in Waist Circumference Adjusted for Body Mass Index (Food Composition of Diet and Abdominal Adiposity)

Romaguera, Dora ; Ängquist, Lars ; Du, Huaidong ; Jakobsen, Marianne Uhre ; Forouhi, Nita G ; Halkjær, Jytte ; Feskens, Edith J. M ; van der A, Daphne L ; Masala, Giovanna ; Steffen, Annika ; Palli, Domenico ; Wareham, Nicholas J ; Overvad, Kim ; Tjønneland, Anne ; Boeing, Heiner ; Riboli, Elio ; Sørensen, Thorkild I ;Calbet, Jose A. L. (Editor)

PLoS ONE, 2011, Vol.6(8), p.e23384 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Food Composition of the Diet in Relation to Changes in Waist Circumference Adjusted for Body Mass Index (Food Composition of Diet and Abdominal Adiposity)
  • Author/Creator: Romaguera, Dora ; Ängquist, Lars ; Du, Huaidong ; Jakobsen, Marianne Uhre ; Forouhi, Nita G ; Halkjær, Jytte ; Feskens, Edith J. M ; van der A, Daphne L ; Masala, Giovanna ; Steffen, Annika ; Palli, Domenico ; Wareham, Nicholas J ; Overvad, Kim ; Tjønneland, Anne ; Boeing, Heiner ; Riboli, Elio ; Sørensen, Thorkild I
  • Calbet, Jose A. L. (Editor)
  • Language: English
  • Subjects: Research Article ; Biology ; Medicine ; Public Health And Epidemiology ; Diabetes And Endocrinology
  • Is Part Of: PLoS ONE, 2011, Vol.6(8), p.e23384
  • Description: Dietary factors such as low energy density and low glycemic index were associated with a lower gain in abdominal adiposity. A better understanding of which food groups/items contribute to these associations is necessary. ; To ascertain the association of food groups/items consumption on prospective annual changes in “waist circumference for a given BMI” (WC), a proxy for abdominal adiposity. ; We analyzed data from 48,631 men and women from 5 countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Anthropometric measurements were obtained at baseline and after a median follow-up time of 5.5 years. WC was defined as the residuals of waist circumference regressed on BMI, and annual change in WC (ΔWC, cm/y) was defined as the difference between residuals at follow-up and baseline, divided by follow-up time. The association between food groups/items and ΔWC was modelled using centre-specific adjusted linear regression, and random-effects meta-analyses to obtain pooled estimates. ; Higher fruit and dairy products consumption was associated with a lower gain in WC whereas the consumption of white bread, processed meat, margarine, and soft drinks was positively associated with ΔWC. When these six food groups/items were analyzed in combination using a summary score, those in the highest quartile of the score – indicating a more favourable dietary pattern –showed a ΔWC of −0.11 (95% CI −0.09 to −0.14) cm/y compared to those in the lowest quartile. ; A dietary pattern high in fruit and dairy and low in white bread, processed meat, margarine, and soft drinks may help to prevent abdominal fat accumulation.
  • Identifier: E-ISSN: 1932-6203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0023384