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Team Knowledge Research: Emerging Trends and Critical Needs

Wildman, Jessica L ; Thayer, Amanda L ; Pavlas, Davin ; Salas, Eduardo ; Stewart, John E ; Howse, William R

Human Factors: The Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, February 2012, Vol.54(1), pp.84-111 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Team Knowledge Research: Emerging Trends and Critical Needs
  • Author/Creator: Wildman, Jessica L ; Thayer, Amanda L ; Pavlas, Davin ; Salas, Eduardo ; Stewart, John E ; Howse, William R
  • Language: English
  • Subjects: Shared Mental Models ; Transactive Memory ; Cognition ; Group ; Methodology ; Engineering ; Psychology
  • Is Part Of: Human Factors: The Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, February 2012, Vol.54(1), pp.84-111
  • Description: Objective: This article provides a systematic review of the team knowledge literature and guidance for further research. Background: Recent research has called attention to the need for the improved study and understanding of team knowledge. Team knowledge refers to the higher level knowledge structures that emerge from the interactions of individual team members. Method: We conducted a systematic review of the team knowledge literature, focusing on empirical work that involves the measurement of team knowledge constructs. For each study, we extracted author degree area, study design type, study setting, participant type, task type, construct type, elicitation method, aggregation method, measurement timeline, and criterion domain. Results: Our analyses demonstrate that many of the methodological characteristics of team knowledge research can be linked back to the academic training of the primary author and that there are considerable gaps in our knowledge with regard to the relationships between team knowledge constructs, the mediating mechanisms between team knowledge and performance, and relationships with criteria outside of team performance, among others. We also identify categories of team knowledge not yet examined based on an organizing framework derived from a synthesis of the literature. Conclusion: There are clear opportunities for expansion in the study of team knowledge; the science of team knowledge would benefit from a more holistic theoretical approach. Application: Human factors researchers are increasingly involved in the study of teams. This review and the resulting organizing framework provide researchers with a summary of team knowledge research over the past 10 years and directions for improving further research.
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0018-7208 ; E-ISSN: 1547-8181 ; DOI: 10.1177/0018720811425365