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The Incidence of “Causal” Statements in Teaching-and-Learning Research Journals

Robinson, Daniel H ; Levin, Joel R ; Thomas, Greg D ; Pituch, Keenan A ; Vaughn, Sharon

American Educational Research Journal, June 2007, Vol.44(2), pp.400-413 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    The Incidence of “Causal” Statements in Teaching-and-Learning Research Journals
  • Author/Creator: Robinson, Daniel H ; Levin, Joel R ; Thomas, Greg D ; Pituch, Keenan A ; Vaughn, Sharon
  • Language: English
  • Subjects: Randomized Trials ; Causal Statements ; Causal Conclusions ; Intervention Research ; Causation ; Education
  • Is Part Of: American Educational Research Journal, June 2007, Vol.44(2), pp.400-413
  • Description: The authors examined the methodologies of articles in teaching-and-learning research journals, published in 1994 and in 2004, and classified them as either intervention (based on researcher-manipulated variables) or nonintervention. Consistent with the findings of Hsieh et al., intervention research articles declined from 45% in 1994 to 33% in 2004. For nonintervention articles, the authors recorded the incidence of "causal" statements (e.g., if teachers/schools/parents did X, then student/child outcome Y would likely result). Nonintervention research articles containing causal statements increased from 34% in 1994 to 43% in 2004. It appears that at the same time intervention studies are becoming less prevalent in the teaching-and-learning research literature, researchers are more inclined to include causal statements in nonintervention studies. (Contains 4 tables.)
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0002-8312 ; E-ISSN: 1935-1011 ; DOI: 10.3102/0002831207302174