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Social and academic functioning in adolescents with child sexual abuse-related PTSD

Mclean, Carmen P. ; Rosenbach, Sarah B. ; Capaldi, Sandra ; Foa, Edna B.

Child Abuse & Neglect, September 2013, Vol.37(9), pp.675-678 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Social and academic functioning in adolescents with child sexual abuse-related PTSD
  • Author/Creator: Mclean, Carmen P. ; Rosenbach, Sarah B. ; Capaldi, Sandra ; Foa, Edna B.
  • Language: English
  • Subjects: Adolescents ; Child Sexual Abuse ; Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder ; Social Functioning ; Academic Functioning
  • Is Part Of: Child Abuse & Neglect, September 2013, Vol.37(9), pp.675-678
  • Description: Although child sexual abuse (CSA) has been associated with a host of psychological problems, one of the most frequently linked disorders is PTSD. PTSD is characterized by intrusive reexperiencing symptoms, avoidance behaviors, and elevated arousal and is associated with widespread functional impairments and low quality of life. Although less is known about the effects of PTSD on functioning during adolescence than in adulthood, there is some evidence that PTSD has a deleterious effect on adolescent social and academic functioning. For example, in a community sample of adolescent girls, those with PTSD were significantly more likely to report having failed a class or grade, been suspended from school, or been arrested. Similarly, in a study of adolescents who survived a sinking ship found that PTSD symptoms were associated with impairments in friendships and social functioning. However, no studies to date have examined the effects of PTSD symptom severity on functioning specifically among adolescent survivors of CSA. Examining psychosocial impairments among adolescents with CSA-related PTSD is important in order to identify the consequences of PTSD at this developmental stage as well as to inform intervention strategies designed specifically for adolescents. This study examines the effects of CSA-related PTSD on social and academic functioning in adolescents. We hypothesize that: (1) increased symptom severity of PTSD will be associated with decreased social functioning and (2) increased symptom severity of PTSD will be associated with decreased academic functioning. In addition, this study explores the relationship between the PTSD symptom clusters and functioning areas as well as the relationships between trauma characteristics and functioning. [Author Abstract] KEY WORDS: adolescents; child sexual abuse; PTSD; social functioning; academic functioning
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0145-2134 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2013.03.010