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Gendered Capital: Childhood Socialization and the “Boy Crisis” in Education

Orr, Amy

Sex Roles, 2011, Vol.65(3), pp.271-284 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Gendered Capital: Childhood Socialization and the “Boy Crisis” in Education
  • Author/Creator: Orr, Amy
  • Language: English
  • Subjects: Gender ; Education ; Socialization ; Academic grades
  • Is Part Of: Sex Roles, 2011, Vol.65(3), pp.271-284
  • Description: This study examined the effect of gender socialization on kindergarten grades using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study- Kindergarten Cohort. The sample consisted of 6,394 children (3,177 girls; 3,217 boys) from across the United States. MANOVA and follow-up tests revealed that both boys and girls tend to participate in gender-typed activities. Girls are more likely to have positive school attitudes and exhibit positive social behavior; boys are more likely to have negative school attitudes. Regression analyses indicated that participation in “female” activities and positive social behavior positively affect grades; participation in “male” activities has no direct effect. Positive attitudes positively affect the grades of girls; negative attitudes negatively affect the grades of boys. Teacher evaluation practices are also considered.
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0360-0025 ; E-ISSN: 1573-2762 ; DOI: 10.1007/s11199-011-0016-3