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The learning benefits of teaching: A retrieval practice hypothesis

Koh, Aloysius Wei Lun ; Lee, Sze Chi ; Lim, Stephen Wee Hun

Applied Cognitive Psychology, May 2018, Vol.32(3), pp.401-410 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    The learning benefits of teaching: A retrieval practice hypothesis
  • Author/Creator: Koh, Aloysius Wei Lun ; Lee, Sze Chi ; Lim, Stephen Wee Hun
  • Subjects: Educational Psychology ; Learning‐By‐Teaching ; Retrieval Practice ; Retrieval‐Based Learning ; The Testing Effect
  • Is Part Of: Applied Cognitive Psychology, May 2018, Vol.32(3), pp.401-410
  • Description: Teaching educational materials to others enhances the teacher's own learning of those to‐be‐taught materials, although the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Here, we show that the learning‐by‐teaching benefit is possibly a retrieval benefit. Learners (a) solved arithmetic problems (i.e., they neither taught nor retrieved; group), (b) taught without relying on teaching notes (i.e., they had to retrieve the materials while teaching; group), (c) taught with teaching notes (i.e., they did retrieve the materials while teaching; [] group), or (d) retrieved (i.e., they did not teach but only practised retrieving; group). In a final comprehension test 1 week later, learners in the teaching group, as did those in the retrieval practice group, outperformed learners in the TnRP and control groups. Retrieval practice possibly causes the learning benefits of teaching.
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0888-4080 ; E-ISSN: 1099-0720 ; DOI: 10.1002/acp.3410