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Modelling association football scores

Maher, M. J.

Statistica Neerlandica, September 1982, Vol.36(3), pp.109-118 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Modelling association football scores
  • Author/Creator: Maher, M. J.
  • Subjects: Poisson Goals Distribution ; Iterative Maximum Likelihood
  • Is Part Of: Statistica Neerlandica, September 1982, Vol.36(3), pp.109-118
  • Description: Previous authors have rejected the Poisson model for association football scores in favour of the Negative Binomial. This paper, however, investigates the Poisson model further. Parameters representing the teams' inherent attacking and defensive strengths are incorporated and the most appropriate model is found from a hierarchy of models. Observed and expected frequencies of scores are compared and goodness‐of‐fit tests show that although there are some small systematic differences, an independent Poisson model gives a reasonably accurate description of football scores. Improvements can be achieved by the use of a bivariate Poisson model with a correlation between scores of 0.2.
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0039-0402 ; E-ISSN: 1467-9574 ; DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9574.1982.tb00782.x