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Pain-suppressed behaviors in the red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)

Mazor-Thomas, Jana E ; Mann, Phyllis E ; Karas, Alicia Z ; Tseng, Flo

Applied Animal Behaviour Science, March 2014, Vol.152, pp.83-91 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Pain-suppressed behaviors in the red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)
  • Author/Creator: Mazor-Thomas, Jana E ; Mann, Phyllis E ; Karas, Alicia Z ; Tseng, Flo
  • Language: English
  • Subjects: Red-Tailed Hawk ; Pain-Suppressed Behaviors ; Pain ; Head Movements ; Opioids ; Buteo Jamaicensis ; Red-Tailed Hawk ; Pain-Suppressed Behaviors ; Pain ; Head Movements ; Opioids ; Buteo Jamaicensis ; Veterinary Medicine ; Zoology ; Psychology
  • Is Part Of: Applied Animal Behaviour Science, March 2014, Vol.152, pp.83-91
  • Description: Our ability to provide analgesia in wild and exotic patients is hampered by a lack of species-specific information on effective drugs and protocols. One contributing factor is the difficulty of applying data from traditional laboratory tests of nociception to clinical conditions frequently involving combinations of inflammatory, mechanical, and neuropathic pain. Pain-suppressed behaviors have become a valuable predictor of clinical utility in other species; in this study we extend this framework to red-tailed hawks in a wildlife hospital, in an attempt to develop a new, humane testing method for birds of prey. We scored six behaviors in hawks hospitalized either for orthopedic trauma or for non-painful conditions. These behaviors included: movement about the cage, grooming, head motions, foot shifts, beak clacks, and rouse. Movement, head motions, and beak clacks were all significantly reduced in hawks with recent orthopedic injury, but not in hawks with healed or minor injuries...
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0168-1591 ; E-ISSN: 1872-9045 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.applanim.2013.12.011